- Passer insularis
Includes: Abd al-Kuri Sparrow
13 - 14cm. The only sparrow in its range.
- Grey forehead to hindneck and entire upperparts
- Prominent black eyestripe
- Broad rufous-chestnut band from above eye and in crescent around rear of light greyish ear-coverts
- White cheek
- Back streaked black
- Prominent chestnut on scapulars
- Blackish to dark brown upperwings
- Broad white tips on median coverts
- Dark brown tail
- Greyish underparts
- hemileucus much paler than nominate
- Drab brown with greyer upperparts
- Streaked on back
- Warm buff supercilium
Juveniles resemble females.
Found on Socotra and adjacent islets of Samha and Darsa and on Abd al Kuri (Yemen) in the Indian Ocean, off the Horn of Africa.
Restricted-range species but common to abundant in its range.
Two subspecies accepted2, 1:
- P. i. hemileucus on Abd al Kuri - sometimes split as Abd al-Kuri Sparrow
- P. i. insularis on Socotra, Samha and Darsa
Some authorities consider the Socotra Sparrow to be a subspecies of Passer motitensis, the Rufous Sparrow.
Dry areas and towns. Occurs up to 1500m.
Few information about diet. Probably feeds on seeds of grasses and small plants.
Often seen in flocks of 30 to 50 birds.
Breeding season from November to April. Usually two broods. Breeds in colonies of up to ten pairs. The nest is an untidy construction maed of dead grass and placed in a hole in a cliff, a house or tree, also openly in branches of a thorny tree. Lays 3 eggs.
A resident species.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507
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