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African Wattled Lapwing
Alternative names: Wattled Lapwing; Senegal Wattled Plover; Wattled Plover
Length 35 cm, mass 160-293 g; the largest African lapwing.
Brown, black crown, white forehead and large yellow facial wattles, upperwings have black flight feathers and brown coverts separated by a white bar, underwings are white with black flight feathers. White tail, tipped black, and the long legs are yellow.
Vanellus senegallus has three subspecies:1
Marshes, ponds, rivers and streams, short grassland, savanna, croplands, cultivated pastures and burnt grassland.
Usually singly, in pairs, or in small groups; sometimes in larger flocks when not breeding. Forages while walking. The diet includes grasshoppers, locusts, beetles, crickets, termites, aquatic insects, worms, coarse grass leaves and grass seeds.
The nest is a shallow depression in short grass or bare ground, but always near water. Two to four eggs are laid, and incubated for 28-32 days by both sexes. Chicks leave the nest the day of hatching.
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