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L. 23-34 in (58-86 cm)
 Similar Species
Breeds from southeastern Alaska, Manitoba, and Newfoundland south to California, New Mexico, Arkansas, and Carolinas. Winters from coastal [[British Columbia[[, Southwest, Illinois, and along Atlantic Coast to Long Island (occasionally farther north), and south to Costa Rica (rarely) and Greater Antilles.
Freshwater and brackish marshes and marshy lakeshores; regular in salt marshes during migration and winter.
2-6 buff or olive-buff eggs placed on a platform of reeds concealed in a marsh. Does not nest in colonies.
On breeding grounds, a loud pumping sound, oong-KA-chunk! repeated a few times and often audible for half a mile. The call begins softly and slowly increases in volume.
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