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9-12" (23-30 cm). W. 21" (53 cm)
In the Caribbean, both very dark and very pale forms occur.
North America: widespread and very common, found from Alaska and Canada east to Nova Scotia and south to Mexico.
Northern populations are migratory, moving as far south as Panama.
About 16 races are recognised:
Open forest and woodland, semi-desert, plains, grassland and cultivated land with scattered trees. In some areas a common urban bird.
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