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L. 17-21 in (43-53 cm)
There are 2 subspecies1:
Additional subspecies prattii, durnfordi, pitanay and frazari are generally considered invalid2.
Marshes and wetlands, coastal desert and pebbly beaches, mudflats and shellbars' Sandy and pebbly beaches, mudflats, borders of salt marshes. 1
Congregate into large flocks in winter and on migration.
They specialise in shellfish, using their beak to break open the shells. They also eat worms and insects.
Two to four buffy eggs, with sparse brown markings, are laid in a shallow depression lined with shell fragments.
A high whistle, usually given in flight
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