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American Redstart

From Opus

Setophaga ruticilla


[edit] Identification

4 1/2-5 1/2" (11-14 cm)


  • Black with bright orange patches on wings and tail
  • White belly

Female and young birds: dull olive-brown above, white below, with yellow wing and tail patches.

Female  Photo by Al_in_VirginiaQuinton, Virginia, USA, September 2011
Photo by Al_in_Virginia
Quinton, Virginia, USA, September 2011

[edit] Distribution

North, Central and South America:
Breeds from Alaska to southern US.
Winters southern US to northern South America and West Indies

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Swampy and mixed woodlands, thickets and copses

[edit] Behaviour

Immature malePhoto by Newton-WJacksonville, Florida, October 2017
Immature male
Photo by Newton-W
Jacksonville, Florida, October 2017

Fans its tail from side to side when perched.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists almost entirely of insects. They do eat some seeds and berries in the late summer and winter, when on migration.

[edit] Breeding

Four white eggs, speckled brown, are laid in cup-shaped nest. The nest is made of grass, bark shreds, plant fibers, and spiderweb and lined with fine grass and hair. The nest is placed in the fork of a tree.

[edit] Vocalisation

Five to six high-pitched notes or 2-note phrases. It ends with an upward or downward inflection: chewy-chewy-chewy, chew-chew-chew.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. enature
  3. Boreal Songbird Initiative
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Oct 2017)

[edit] External Links


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