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4 1/2-5 1/2" (11-14 cm)
Female and young birds: dull olive-brown above, white below, with yellow wing and tail patches.
Swampy and mixed woodlands, thickets and copses
Fans its tail from side to side when perched.
Their diet consists almost entirely of insects. They do eat some seeds and berries in the late summer and winter, when on migration.
Four white eggs, speckled brown, are laid in cup-shaped nest. The nest is made of grass, bark shreds, plant fibers, and spiderweb and lined with fine grass and hair. The nest is placed in the fork of a tree.
Five to six high-pitched notes or 2-note phrases. It ends with an upward or downward inflection: chewy-chewy-chewy, chew-chew-chew.
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