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American White Pelican
55-70" (1.4-1.8 m). W. 8' (2.4 m)
Breeding: has short yellowish crest on back of head and horny plate on upper mandible.
Young birds duskier than adults.
Breeds from British Columbia and Mackenzie south to northern California, Utah, and Manitoba; also along Texas Gulf Coast. Winters from central California, Gulf Coast, and Florida south to Panama.
Shallow lakes, coastal lagoons, brackish ponds and marshes.
They work cooperatively in small groups, herding fish into shallow water and then scooping them up in their gigantic 3-gallon pouches.
They lay 1-6 whitish eggs on a low mound of earth and debris on a marshy island; occasionally on rocky islands in desert lakes. Nests in colonies.
They are mostly silent but will make croaking noises on the breeding grounds.
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