Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Female: duller with pale grey belly and undertail coverts.
Five subspecies are recognized: berrylina and viola (berrylina group) west and north of the Mexican isthmus, lichtensteini, sumichrasti, and devillei (devillei group) east and south of isthmus. These two groups are reportedly quite different and deserve further study to determine if they are full species according to Howell and Webb.
Foothills and highlands, oak and pine woodlands and edges, oak scrub and clearings, plantations.
It builds a nest of plant fibres and spider webs, covered with lichens, in a tree or shrub. The 2 white eggs are incubated by the female for about 14 days.
The diet includes nectar and insects.
A series of hoarse, high twitters sirr, kirr-I-rr, kirr-I-rr; also a buzzing drrzzzzt.
 External Links