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Black-crowned Tchagra

From Opus

Photo by Steve GBrufut Community Woodland, Western Division, The Gambia, March 2005
Photo by Steve G
Brufut Community Woodland, Western Division, The Gambia, March 2005
Tchagra senegalus

Tchagra senegala

Contents

[edit] Identification

19-22 cm
They have a mean-looking hooked beak, typical of the Bushshrikes and the same furtive habits.
Adult

  • Black crown and eye stripe
  • Broad white supercilium
  • Pale grey underparts
  • Light brown upperparts
  • Chestnut wings
  • Black tail, tipped white
  • Black bill

Sexes are similar


Young birds have a brown cap and a pale yellow bill.

Size, colour of the back, underparts, eyestripe vary according to the subspecies.

[edit] Distribution

Africa and the Middle East
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria Tunisia, Libya
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin Nigeria, Niger Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Western Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland
Middle East: Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia Yemen, Oman

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies[1]

There are 10 subspecies: which vary in size and the colour of the back, underparts and eyestripe.

[edit] Habitat

Farm tracks with bushes and thickets in wetland areas and dry country. Light savannah woodland.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects.

[edit] Breeding

It builds a cup shaped nest in a tree or bush. The clutch consists of 2-3 heavily marked white eggs. Incubation (mostly by the female) takes 12-15 days; the chicks fledging after a further 15 days.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song: descending whistling, Chee-chee chee cheroo cheroo.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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