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Black-naped Oriole

From Opus

Photo by Romy OconThe Philippines, March 2005
Photo by Romy Ocon
The Philippines, March 2005
Oriolus chinensis

Contents

[edit] Identification

23–28 cm (9-11 in)
Male

  • Bright golden-yellow plumage
  • Black mask extending to nape
  • Black and yellow wings and tail
ImmaturePhoto by linesiamBangkok, Thailand, April 2009
Immature
Photo by linesiam
Bangkok, Thailand, April 2009
  • Pink bill
  • Grey feet
  • Red iris

Female: duller, greenish-yellow mantle.
Juvenile: whitish underparts, blackish streaks on breast, grey bill, lacks nape band.

[edit] Distribution

From India east over Indochina to the Philippines, Singapore, Indonesia and eastern China.

[edit] Taxonomy

The Slender-billed Oriole was considered to be conspecific but is now widely accepted as full species, including the subspecies invisus from southern Vietnam, formerly placed in Black-naped Oriole.

[edit] Subspecies

Flight view kelvinyamPutrajaya Wetland, Malaysia, April 2009
Flight view
kelvinyam
Putrajaya Wetland, Malaysia, April 2009

Up to 20 subspecies are accepted[1]:

  • O. c. diffusus: Eastern Asia; winters to India, Malaysia and Indochina
  • O. c. andamanensis: Andaman Islands
  • O. c. macrourus: Nicobar Islands
  • O. c. chinensis: Philippine Islands
  • O. c. suluensis: Sulu Archipelago
  • O. c. melanisticus: Talaud Islands (Karakelong and Salebabu)
  • O. c. sanghirensis: Sangihe and Tabuken islands (off northern Sulawesi)
  • O. c. formosus: Siau, Tahulandang, Ruang, Biaro and Mayu island (off Sulawesi)
  • O. c celebensis: Sulawesi, Bangka, Talisei, Lembeh, Togian Islands, Muna, Butung
  • O. c frontalis: Banggai and Sula islands (off Sulawesi)
  • O. c oscillans: Tukangbesi Islands (off Sulawesi)
  • O. c boneratensis: Tanahjampea, Bonerate, Lalaotoa, Madu and Kayuadi islands
  • O. c mundus: Simeulue Island (off Sumatra)
  • O. c sipora: Sipura Island (off Sumatra)
  • O. c richmondi: Siberut and Pagi islands (off Sumatra)
  • O. c insularis: Kangean Islands (Java Sea)
  • O. c broderipii: Lesser Sundas (Lombok, Sumba, Sumbawa, Flores, Bisar, Alor)
  • O. c maculatus Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Bali, Belitung and Nias islands

[edit] Habitat

Subspecies andamanensisPhoto by Shantilal VaruPortblair, Andaman Islands, India, November 2015
Subspecies andamanensis
Photo by Shantilal Varu
Portblair, Andaman Islands, India, November 2015

Coastal woodlands and mangroves, farmland, parks and gardens, to 1600m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Omnivorous, figs form a large part of their diet, along with fruit and berries. They also eat large insects, small animals and nestlings.

[edit] Breeding

A cup-shaped nest is made from bark, small twigs, grass and roots. The clutch consists of two to three bluish-white eggs with brown spots which are incubated for about 14 days.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Andamanbirdwatching

[edit] External Links


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