- Vanellus melanopterus
- Grey head, neck, and upper breast with white forehead patch reaching around the eye
- Black breast band
- White belly and flanks
- Greyish-brown upperside
In flight shows:
- Upperside of wing: brown wing coverts and black flight feathers separated by white wingbar
- Underside of wing: white with black flight feathers
- Two-toned tail with inner half white and outer black
Disjunctly distributed through Eastern African highlands: Ethiopia to South Africa.
- V. m. melanopterus - Extreme southern Sudan to Ethiopia; south-western Kenya to central Tanzania
- V. m. minor - Eastern Cape Province to north-eastern Transvaal; winters to southern Mozambique
Gregarious; usually in groups of 4-20 birds, often with Crowned Lapwing.
Feeds on invertebrates.
The clutch consists of 3 large dark eggs which are incubated for about 28 days; the young fledge after a further month.
- Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
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