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Black Francolin

From Opus

Subspecies  F. f. asiaePhoto by Rajiv LatherKarnal, India
Subspecies F. f. asiae
Photo by Rajiv Lather
Karnal, India
Francolinus francolinus


[edit] Identification

31–36 cm (12-14 in)

  • Mainly black
  • White spotting on back and flanks
  • Chestnut neck collar
  • White cheek patches
  • Brown wings
  • Red legs

The amount white spotting on the flanks varies considerably

Nominate subspeciesPhoto by lior kislevBtecha North Israel, November 2008
Nominate subspecies
Photo by lior kislev
Btecha North Israel, November 2008


  • Mainly brown
  • Chestnut hind neck
  • The depth of colour of the females varies

[edit] Distribution

Kashmir, Cyprus, south-eastern Turkey, Iran, southwest Turkmenistan and northeast India.

Introduced to Hawaii

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • F. f. francolinus:
  • F. f. arabistanicus:
Subspecies  F. f. henriciPhoto by Jugal Tiwari Kutch, Gujarat, India, September 2009
Subspecies F. f. henrici
Photo by Jugal Tiwari
Kutch, Gujarat, India, September 2009
  • F. f. bogdanovi:
  • F. f. henrici:
  • F. f. asiae:
  • F. f. melanonotus:

[edit] Habitat

Scrubby habitats with plenty of low cover. Grassland and other cultivated areas. Also wetlands.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

It nests in a bare ground scrape. 8-18 white-spotted pale brown/greenish eggs are laid.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes a wide variety of plant and insect food.

[edit] Vocalisation

Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
(Jim Corbett NP, India, May-2016

[edit] In Culture

State bird of Haryana (India).

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from
  2. Wikipedia
  3. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


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