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Black Grouse

From Opus

Photo by IanFPhoto taken:Langdon Beck, Teesdale
Photo by IanF
Photo taken:Langdon Beck, Teesdale
Lyrurus tetrix

Tetrao tetrix

Contents

[edit] Identification

  • Red wattle over the eye
  • Feathered legs

Male: 49-55cm. Blue-black glossy plumage, white wingbar and under-tail coverts. Lyre-shaped tail, which appears forked in flight.
Female and juvenile: 40-45cm. Greyish-brown, mottled black upperparts and barred below. Pale white wing bar. Forked tail.

[edit] Similar Species

Female is similar to the smaller Red Grouse but can be told by the less rufous plumage.

[edit] Distribution

Photo by the late Jim WoodThis was one of two female Black Grouse who appeared from behind a rock and entered the Lek while the males were displaying both females started displaying in the centre of the Lek then proceeded to fight it out over a displaying Male, the male then joined in the scrap.
Photo by the late Jim Wood
This was one of two female Black Grouse who appeared from behind a rock and entered the Lek while the males were displaying both females started displaying in the centre of the Lek then proceeded to fight it out over a displaying Male, the male then joined in the scrap.

Patchy breeding range in north and west Britain, the Low Countries and Germany, the Alps and the mountains of Central Europe. More widespread in Scandinavia, found throughout most of Norway, Sweden and Finland except the extreme north and from southern and eastern Poland, Belarus and the Baltic States east across Russia.

Formerly much more widespread, now rare in many parts of range and no longer breeds in Denmark. The species has been in severe decline in Britain for many years, especially in Wales but there has been a slight recovery there in recent years. Also very rare in northern England and great care should be taken to avoid disturbance. Resident throughout range but there may be occasional movements in the north at times of peak population.

Recorded as a vagrant in Greece, far from normal range although a former breeder in Bulgaria and Turkey.

[edit] Taxonomy

Placed in genus Tetrao by some authorities.

[edit] Subspecies[1]

  • L. t. britannicus: male glossed more blue and female darker and more rufous
  • L. t. tetrix:
Photo by aritervoFinland, November 2007
Photo by aritervo
Finland, November 2007
  • L. t. viridanus: males are glossed greener and have more white above, female paler than nominate
  • L. t. tschusii:
  • Southern Siberia south to north-western Altai and Sayan mountains
  • L. t. baikalensis:
  • L. t. mongolicus:
  • L. t. ussuriensis:

Occasionally hybridises with the Capercaillie to produce the "Rackelhahn", and hybrids with Willow Grouse and Common Pheasant have also been recorded.

[edit] Habitat

Forest edge, open forest and clearings, usually conifer or birch. Also swampy heathland and moorland with scattered trees.

[edit] Behaviour

Frequently sits in trees.

[edit] Breeding

The female builds nest, usually on the ground; 8 -10 eggs are laid from mid May and are incubated for about 24 days by the female who cares for the young.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes buds, shoots, catkins and berries.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
  3. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition

[edit] External Links


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