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15â€“18 cm (6-7 in)
North, Central and South America:
There are 6 subspecies1:
Open woodlands near water, such as streams, rivers, lakes and coastal cliffs.
Like other phoebes, they continually wag their tails when perched.
They sally from open perches for flying insects. The diet consists insects such as bees, wasps, grasshoppers, moths, caterpillars and beetles. They also reportedly take small fish.
The female builds the nest from grass and mud under a wall, bridge or cliff. The 3-6 white eggs are incubated for about 14 days; the young fledge in about another 14 days. Often two broods are raised in a season.
Song is a series of phrases, rendered sisee and sitsew, and its call is similar to that of the Eastern Phoebe.
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