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Black Phoebe

From Opus

Subspecies angustrirostris Photo by Stanley Jones Oxapampa, Peru, August 2017
Subspecies angustrirostris
Photo by Stanley Jones
Oxapampa, Peru, August 2017
Sayornis nigricans

Contents

[edit] Identification

15–18 cm (6-7 in)

    • Black head, breast, back, wings, and tail
  • White underbelly and wing-covert edges (forming 2 faint wing bars)

[edit] Distribution

Photo by mw_aurora Santee, California, USA, February 2007
Photo by mw_aurora
Santee, California, USA, February 2007

North, Central and South America:
South-western North America: found in (south-western Oregon and California to west Texas).
'Central America: (from Panama to Mexico)
Mountainous areas of South America: (Andes of north-western Argentina, western Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela; coastal mountains of Venezuela);

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Juvenile Photo by Andy Bright Los Angeles, California, USA, July 2005
Juvenile
Photo by Andy Bright
Los Angeles, California, USA, July 2005

There are 6 subspecies1:

[edit] Habitat

Open woodlands near water, such as streams, rivers, lakes and coastal cliffs.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Action

Like other phoebes, they continually wag their tails when perched.

[edit] Diet

They sally from open perches for flying insects. The diet consists insects such as bees, wasps, grasshoppers, moths, caterpillars and beetles. They also reportedly take small fish.

[edit] Breeding

Photo by 4NilesGilbert, Arizona, USA, December 2012
Photo by 4Niles
Gilbert, Arizona, USA, December 2012

The female builds the nest from grass and mud under a wall, bridge or cliff. The 3-6 white eggs are incubated for about 14 days; the young fledge in about another 14 days. Often two broods are raised in a season.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song is a series of phrases, rendered sisee and sitsew, and its call is similar to that of the Eastern Phoebe.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Allaboutbirds
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Oct 2017)
  4. Audobon Field Guide

[edit] External Links

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