- Callipepla californica
150.6 g to 189.5 g (5 - 7 oz.) 25 cm (9.8 in) Males slightly heavier
- Mainly blue-grey and brown plumage
- Distinctive black and white face pattern
- Black and brown feather tips on belly giving a scaly appearance
- Chestnut crown
- Streaked flanks
- Black bill
- Grey legs
Sexes are dimorphic
Males have a black throat; females a greyish throat with black streaks
- Prominent teardrop-shaped plume or a double plume coming off its forehead
Immature: mostly greys and browns which gives it a cryptic look
Western North America from extreme southwest British Columbia south through Washington, Oregon, and California to Baja California, Mexico.
Eight subspecies are recognized:
Dense vegetation near water at low altitudes.
Replaced in montane forest by the Mountain Quail and in desert by the Gambel's Quail.
The diet includes seeds, leaves, berries and insects.
The nest is a shallow scrape lined with vegetation. The clutch consists of up to 12 eggs.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
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