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Chestnut-winged Cinclodes

From Opus

AdultPhoto by Stanley Jones Azuay Province, Ecuador, November, 20
Adult
Photo by Stanley Jones
Azuay Province, Ecuador, November, 20
Cinclodes albidiventris

Contents

[edit] Identification

15–19 cm (6-7½ in)

  • Dull brown back
  • Tan belly
  • White throat finely barred with brown
  • Whitish or tan wing-stripes visible in flight
  • Whitish-buff stripe over the eye
  • Short, almost straight and pointed bill
FledglingPhoto by Stanley Jones Azuay Province, Ecuador, November, 2014
Fledgling
Photo by Stanley Jones
Azuay Province, Ecuador, November, 2014

Sexes similar.

[edit] Distribution

South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru.

[edit] Taxonomy

Split from Buff-winged Cinclodes and Cream-winged Cinclodes[2][3][4] (previously all included in Bar-winged Cinclodes).

[edit] Subspecies

Cinclodes albidiventris has three subspecies:[1]

  • C. a. oreobates
  • Santa Marta Mountains and Central and Eastern Andes of northern Colombia
  • C. a. heterurus
  • Andes of western Venezuela (Mérida, Trujillo and southern Lara)
  • C. a. albidiventris
  • Andes of northern Ecuador to northern Peru (Piura, Cajamarca)

[edit] Habitat

High-altitude shrubland, temperate grassland and high-altitude grassland, near water.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is built in a burrow, or in a natural cavity in an earthen bank or rock pile. Both the male and female incubate the eggs and rear the nestlings.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. SACC (South American Classification Committee) proposal (passed) to split Bar-winged Cinclodes into three species
  3. Paper describing the genetic analysis of Bar-winged Cinclodes and range of the proposed species
  4. Birdforum thread discussing the taxonomy of this complex
  5. Answers.com
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2016)

[edit] External Links

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