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Chipping Sparrow

From Opus

Breeding plumagePhoto by Glen TepkeMount Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, Massachusetts, USA, May 2004
Breeding plumage
Photo by Glen Tepke
Mount Auburn Cemetery, Watertown, Massachusetts, USA, May 2004
Spizella passerina

Contents

[edit] Identification

12–14 cm (5.5 ins)
In breeding plumage quite unique with a solid chestnut cap and black stripe through the eye, with the rest of the sides of the head and undersides an unmarked gray.

In juvenile plumage it has finely streaked underparts, and usually lacks the chestnut crown of an adult.

[edit] Distribution

Chipping sparrow is distributed from Alaska to eastern Canada through the USA and Mexico to Nicaragua.

JuvenilePhoto by Robert STorrington, Connecticut, USA, 29th May 2006
Juvenile
Photo by Robert S
Torrington, Connecticut, USA, 29th May 2006

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Five subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • S. p. arizonae:
  • South-eastern Alaska and western Yukon to northern Baja, north-western Mexico; winters to Oaxaca
  • S. p. passerina:
  • S. p. atremaeus:
  • Mexico (Sierra Madre Occidental to pine belt of Nuevo León)
  • S. p. mexicana:
  • S. p. pinetorum:
Photo by maliReading, Pennsylvania, USA, Summer 2014
Photo by mali
Reading, Pennsylvania, USA, Summer 2014

Some authorities additionally recognize boreophilae.

[edit] Habitat

Woodlands, farmlands, urban districts and suburbs.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes seeds, insects and small fruits.

[edit] Breeding

It weaves a cup nest from grass and roots. The clutch consists of 2-7 pale blue eggs with dark blotches which are incubated for 10-15 days.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program
Recording by eiguoc, Scarborough, Ontario

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. All About Birds

[edit] External Links


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