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Common Cicadabird

From Opus

(Redirected from Cicadabird)

Alternative names: Slender-billed Cicadabird; Cicadabird

Photo by Tom TarrantSamsonvale, South East Queensland, Australia, November 2003
Photo by Tom Tarrant
Samsonvale, South East Queensland, Australia, November 2003
Edolisoma tenuirostre

Includes: Grey-capped, Palau, Pohnpei and Yap Cicadabirds

Contents

[edit] Identification

26cm
Male

  • Slate grey
  • Blackish grey-edged wings
FemalePhoto by Tom TarrantSamsonvale, South East Queensland, Australia, December 2002
Female
Photo by Tom Tarrant
Samsonvale, South East Queensland, Australia, December 2002

Female

  • Mid-brown back
  • Wings edged with sandy tan
  • Sandy tan below
  • Grey barred belly

[edit] Distribution

Southeast Asia: found in Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, Moluccas and Island of Timor
Australasia: Papua New Guinea, Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria and Western Australia), Melanesia and the Solomon Islands

[edit] Taxonomy

Makira Cicadabird Coracina salomonis (or Makira Cuckoo-shrike) was split from Cicadabird by Dickinson (2003)[2] and Gill and Donsker (2010)[3].

Forms a superspecies with Sumba Cuckoo-shrike, Makira Cicadabird, Kai Cuckoo-shrike and Sula Cuckoo-shrike.

Formerly placed in the genus Coracina.

[edit] Subspecies

Juvenile malePhoto by kerriebrGold Coast, Queensland, Australia, February 2013
Juvenile male
Photo by kerriebr
Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, February 2013

More than 25 subspecies on the different islands and island groups in the Pacific.

Several subspecies are accepted as full species by some authorities:[3]

  • remotus, ultima, saturatius and erythropygium as Grey-capped Cicadabird E. remotus.
  • monacha as Palau Cicadabird
  • insperatum as Pohnpei Cicadabird
  • nesiotis as Yap Cicadabird

Clements lists the following sub-species:[1]

  • E. t. edithae: Southern Sulawesi
  • E. t. emancipatum: Tanahjampea Island (Flores Sea)
  • E. t. kalaotuae: Kalaotoa Island (Flores Sea)
  • E. t. pererratum: Tukangbesi Islands (Kaledupa and Tomea)
  • E. t. pelingi: Banggai Islands (Peleng and Banggai)
  • E. t. grayi: Northern Moluccas (Morotai, Halmahera, Ternate, Tidore and Bacan)
  • E. t. obiense: Southern Moluccas (Obi and Bisa)
  • E. t. timoriense: Eastern Lesser Sundas (Lomblen and Timor)
  • E. t. aruense: Aru Islands and Trans-Fly lowlands of southern New Guinea
  • E. t. nehrkorni: Waigeo Island (New Guinea)
  • E. t. muellerii: Kofiau and Misool Islands, [New Guinea]] and D'Entrecasteaux Archaepelago
  • E. t. numforanum: Numfor Island (New Guinea)
  • E. t. meyerii: Biak Island (New Guinea)
  • E. t. tagulanum: Louisiade Archipelago (Tagula and Misima)
  • E. t. rooki: Umboi (Bismarck Archipelago)
  • E. t. remotus: Bismarck Archaepelago (New Ireland, New Hanover, Dyaul and Feni Island)
  • E. t. heinrothi: New Britain and Duke of York Islands (Bismarck Archipelago)
  • E. t. matthiae: St. Matthias Islands (Bismarck Archipelago)
  • E. t. ultima: Bismarck Archipelago (Tabar, Lihir and Tanga)
  • E. t. rostratum: Rossel (Solomon Islands)
  • E. t. erythropygium: Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal, Malaita, Florida and Savo)
  • E. t. saturatius: Northern and central Solomon Islands
  • E. t. nisorium: Solomon Islands (Pavuvu and Russell Group)
  • E. t. monacha: Palau Islands (western Caroline Islands)
  • E. t. nesiotis: Yap (western Caroline Islands)
  • E. t. insperatum: Pohnpei (Caroline Islands)
  • E. t. melvillense: Northern Australia (Arnhem Land, Northern Territory to Cape York Peninsula)
  • E. t. tenuirostre: Eastern Australia (north-eastern Queensland to south-eastern Victoria)

[edit] Habitat

Temperate forests and moist lowland forests. Eucalypt woodland.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects, larvae, beetles, crickets, stick insects, fruit and seeds.

[edit] Breeding

The shallow nest is built from twigs, plant stems, leaves and bark, woven with spiderwebs.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to December 2007 (Corrigenda 7). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2010. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.7). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. Birds of Lamington National Park

[edit] External Links

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