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Cream-winged Cinclodes

From Opus

Subspecies albiventrisPhoto by Stanley JonesReserva Nacional Junín, Ondores, Junín, Peru, August 2017
Subspecies albiventris
Photo by Stanley Jones
Reserva Nacional Junín, Ondores, Junín, Peru, August 2017
Cinclodes albiventris

Contents

[edit] Identification

Subspecies tucumanus; DisplayingPhoto by OregonianAbra del Infiernillo, Tucuman, Argentina, October 2015
Subspecies tucumanus; Displaying
Photo by Oregonian
Abra del Infiernillo, Tucuman, Argentina, October 2015

15–19 cm (6-7½ in)

  • Dull brown back
  • Tan belly
  • White throat finely barred with brown
  • Whitish or tan wing-stripes visible in flight
  • Whitish-buff stripe over the eye
  • Short, almost straight and pointed bill

Sexes similar.

[edit] Similar species

White-winged Cinclodes

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

Split from Buff-winged Cinclodes and Chestnut-winged Cinclodes[2][3][4] (previously all included in Bar-winged Cinclodes).

[edit] Subspecies

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • C. a. albiventris:
  • C. a. tucumanus:
  • C. a. rufus:
  • Andes of north-western Argentina (Campo de Arenal in Catamarca)
  • C. a. yzurietae:
  • Andes of north-western Argentina (Sierra de Manchao in south-eastern Catamarca)
  • C. a. riojanus:
  • Andes of north-western Argentina (Sierra de Famatina in La Rioja)

[edit] Habitat

High-altitude shrubland, temperate grassland, and high-altitude grassland, near water.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet consists of insects and other small invertebrates, as well as seeds.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is built in a burrow, or in a natural cavity in an earthen bank or rock pile. Both the male and female incubate the eggs and rear the nestlings.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. SACC (South American Classification Committee) proposal (passed) to split Bar-winged Cinclodes into three species
  3. Paper describing the genetic analysis of Bar-winged Cinclodes and range of the proposed species
  4. Birdforum thread discussing the taxonomy of this complex
  5. Answers.com
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2015)

[edit] External Links

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