Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Dusky Starfrontlet

From Opus

Photo by COLOMBIA BirdingUrrao, W Andes, Colombia, January 2010
Photo by COLOMBIA Birding
Urrao, W Andes, Colombia, January 2010
Coeligena orina

Contents

[edit] Identification

14cm with black bill and black legs and feet but pale (white to pinkish) soles
Male

  • Mostly green that is very dark at the head and mantle, gradually becoming less dark further back on both upperside and underside
  • Golden-green rump and uppertail coverts
  • Metallic blue spot on lower central throat
  • Glittering green frontlet (with blue to golden reflexes depending on angle)
FemalePhoto by COLOMBIA BirdingUrrao, W Andes, Colombia, November 2010
Female
Photo by COLOMBIA Birding
Urrao, W Andes, Colombia, November 2010

Female

  • Also mostly green but with less black in the forward end of the bird
  • Have less strong (but still present) golden reflexes in the uppertail and vent areas
  • Throat and malar areas cinnamon-buff, separated by a line of green disks in the submalar
  • Tail like in male but with a slight buffy corner.

Immature male

  • Mostly like adult male but with less blackish in the plumage
  • No frontlet
  • Smaller throat patch

[edit] Similar Species

Golden-bellied Starfrontlet has bronze to cinnamon on uppertail coverts and rump, not golden-green like here

[edit] Distribution

Páramo Frontino, Farallones del Citará, north-west Colombia. It is not believed to overlap in distribution with other members of the genus Coeligena.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Elfin forest, paramo, and adjacent higher forest on the highest peaks of Western Andes.

[edit] Behaviour

Normally they are not seen in pairs when in the field but seem to be in couples while at or near feeders.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects and nectar. They prefer to feed just below the paramo at the treeline and they love Ericaceae plants flowers.

[edit] Breeding

Males, and sometimes male and female, can engage in bill to bill encounters.

[edit] Vocalisation

They are generally silent.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. BirdLife International
  3. KRABBE, N. ET AL. 2005. Rediscovery of the Dusky Starfrontlet Coeligena orina, with a description of the adult plumages and a reassessment of its taxonomic status. Ornitología Colombiana 3: 28-35 (link)
  4. Observations by BF Member COLOMBIA Birding

[edit] External Links

Advertisement


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Search the net with ask.com
Help support BirdForum
Ask.com and get

Page generated in 0.23692012 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 04:29.