- Coeligena orina
14cm with black bill and black legs and feet but pale (white to pinkish) soles
- Mostly green that is very dark at the head and mantle, gradually becoming less dark further back on both upperside and underside
- Golden-green rump and uppertail coverts
- Metallic blue spot on lower central throat
- Glittering green frontlet (with blue to golden reflexes depending on angle)
- Also mostly green but with less black in the forward end of the bird
- Have less strong (but still present) golden reflexes in the uppertail and vent areas
- Throat and malar areas cinnamon-buff, separated by a line of green disks in the submalar
- Tail like in male but with a slight buffy corner.
- Mostly like adult male but with less blackish in the plumage
- No frontlet
- Smaller throat patch
 Similar Species
Golden-bellied Starfrontlet has bronze to cinnamon on uppertail coverts and rump, not golden-green like here
PĂˇramo Frontino, Farallones del CitarĂˇ, north-west Colombia. It is not believed to overlap in distribution with other members of the genus Coeligena.
This is a monotypic species.
Elfin forest, paramo, and adjacent higher forest on the highest peaks of Western Andes.
Normally they are not seen in pairs when in the field but seem to be in couples while at or near feeders.
The diet includes insects and nectar. They prefer to feed just below the paramo at the treeline and they love Ericaceae plants flowers.
Males, and sometimes male and female, can engage in bill to bill encounters.
They are generally silent.
- Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
- BirdLife International
- KRABBE, N. ET AL. 2005. Rediscovery of the Dusky Starfrontlet Coeligena orina, with a description of the adult plumages and a reassessment of its taxonomic status. OrnitologĂa Colombiana 3: 28-35 (link)
- Observations by BF Member COLOMBIA Birding
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