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Eclectus Parrot

From Opus

Subspecies biakiPhoto by mehdhalaouate  Biak, Papua, Indonesia, September 2004
Subspecies biaki
Photo by mehdhalaouate
Biak, Papua, Indonesia, September 2004
Eclectus roratus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Female, Nominate subspeciesPhoto by James EatonSeram, Indonesia, January 2011
Female, Nominate subspecies
Photo by James Eaton
Seram, Indonesia, January 2011

35–42 cm (13¾-16½ in)
Male

  • Bright green body
  • Blue or red tail and wings
  • Orange upper mandible becoming yellow at tip
  • Black lower mandible
  • Yellow-orange iris

Female

  • Red body
  • Blue or purple belly
  • Black bill
  • Yellow-orange iris

[edit] Distribution

Eastern Indonesia, New Guinea and surrounding islands, Cape York Peninsula in Queensland.(Australia), and Solomon Islands.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Male, subspecies biakiPhoto by mehdhalaouateNumfor, Papua, Indonesia, December 2004
Male, subspecies biaki
Photo by mehdhalaouate
Numfor, Papua, Indonesia, December 2004

Nine to twelve subspecies are recognized depending on the authority[1][2]

  • E. r. vosmaeri: Larger islands in northern and central Moluccas
  • E. r. roratus: Southern Moluccas (Buru, Seram, Ambon, Saparua and Haruku)
  • E. r. cornelia: Sumba Island (Lesser Sundas)
  • E. r. riedeli: Tanimbar Islands (Arafura Sea)
  • E. r. aruensis: Aru Islands (New Guinea)
  • E. r. biaki: Biak Island (off north-west New Guinea)
  • E. r. polychloros: New Guinea, adjacent islands and archipelagos
  • E. r. solomonensis: Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Arch. and Solomon Islands
  • E. r. macgillivrayi: North-eastern Australia (extreme northern Queensland)

Three subspecies maforensis, pectoralis and westerman are generally considered invalid.

[edit] Habitat

Male, subspecies macgillivrayiPhoto by Carole-AnneQueensland, Australia, April 2005
Male, subspecies macgillivrayi
Photo by Carole-Anne
Queensland, Australia, April 2005

Lowland forest, from the coast, including mangroves, to mid-montane. They are usually to be seen in the canopy.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet consists of fruits, nuts, blossom, leaf buds, and seeds.

[edit] Breeding

They nest in tree holes lined with wood chips. The clutch consists of 2 eggs which are incubated by the female (she is fed by the male) for 28 days. The young fledge about 8 weeks later.

[edit] References

  1. Template:Ref-Clements6thAug1#Avibase
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Nov 2017)
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Honolulu Zoo

[edit] External Links

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