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Eurasian Three-toed Woodpecker
Breeds throughout most of Fenno-Scandia (except the far north, the higher mountains and south-west Norway), parts of eastern and southern Poland and the Baltic States and across Russia between about 660 and 530N. Isolated populations exist in Central Europe mainly in the Alps and Carpathians with a few scattered pockets of distribution in the Balkans.
Mainly resident but may be nomadic, dispersive or eruptive in far north of range.
Has been considered conspecific with American Three-toed Woodpecker.
There are 5 subspecies:
Main habitat is coniferous forest with abundant dead wood, often around swampy areas, sometimes in birch and willow. In the south of range found in conifers on mountainsides. Has been observed at heights around 1285m.
They nest in cavities.
The diet includes insects, larvae, fruit and tree sap.
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