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European Storm Petrel

From Opus

(Redirected from European Storm-petrel)
H. p. pelagicusPhoto by boilerSapphire Isles of Scilly Pelagic, July 2005
H. p. pelagicus
Photo by boiler
Sapphire Isles of Scilly Pelagic, July 2005
Hydrobates pelagicus

Contents

[edit] Identification

15-16cm.

  • Dark plumage
  • White rump
  • Dark iris
  • Dark bill
  • Dark legs and feet

[edit] Distribution

As a breeding bird this species is confined to the north-east Atlantic and Mediterranean with the bulk of the population in colonies on the west coasts of Britain and Ireland. There are smaller colonies to the north in southern Iceland; the Faroes and Lofoten Islands off Norway. Also breeds in the Channel Islands and off north-west and western France. In the Mediterranean there are colonies on the Balearics, and off southern Spain, Corsica and Sardinia, Sicily and Malta and there is a single colony in the Aegean.

Breeding formerly occurred off Tunisia and has been reported from Canary Islands and Desertas but present status there is little-known. May also breed in Morocco.

It is not known where they spend the winter season.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • H. p. pelagicus in the Atlantic
  • H. p. melitensis in the Mediterranean

Some authors have suggested these should be split as separate species.

[edit] Habitat

Breeds mainly on islands, sometimes on undisturbed mainland coasts.

Pelagic when not breeding and rarely seen from shore, only seen on land after being storm-driven.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

Breeds colonially in burrows and rock crevices. A single white egg is laid. Nocturnal when visiting nest.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes plankton taken from the sea's surface.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links

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