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Eyre Bird Observatory
The Eyre Bird Observatory is located in the Nuytsland Nature Reserve, on the south coast of Western Australia. It is approximately 1200km east of Perth, WA's capital city. It was established in 1977 and is the most isolated research facility in Australia, requiring a 4WD vehicle to get there. The total number of species recorded is now approaching 250.
 Notable Species
Perhaps the highlight for many visitors are the Major Mitchell's Cockatoos that flock in to the bird baths during the dry summer months.
Birds you can see here include:
Emu, Malleefowl, Stubble Quail, Musk Duck, Black Swan, Australian Shelduck, Australian Wood Duck, Pacific Black Duck, Grey Teal, Hoary-headed Grebe, Little Penguin, Flesh-footed Shearwater, Yellow-nosed Albatross, Australasian Gannet, Little Pied Cormorant, Pied Cormorant, Little Black Cormorant, Great Cormorant, Australian Pelican, White-faced Heron, Eastern Reef Egret, Osprey, Black-shouldered Kite, Square-tailed Kite, Whistling Kite, White-bellied Sea Eagle, Spotted Harrier, Brown Goshawk, Collared Sparrowhawk, Wedge-tailed Eagle, Little Eagle, Brown Falcon, Australian Hobby, Peregrine Falcon, Nankeen Kestrel, Australian Bustard, Little Buttonquail, Black-tailed Godwit, Bar-tailed Godwit, Whimbrel, Common Greenshank, Terek Sandpiper, Common Sandpiper, Grey-tailed Tattler, Ruddy Turnstone, Great Knot, Red Knot, Sanderling, Red-necked Stint, Sharp-tailed Sandpiper, Curlew Sandpiper, Pied Oystercatcher, Sooty Oystercatcher, Black-winged Stilt, Banded Stilt, Red-necked Avocet, Pacific Golden Plover, Grey Plover, Red-capped Plover, Double-banded Plover, Lesser Sand Plover, Greater Sand Plover, Black-fronted Dotterel, Banded Lapwing, Pacific Gull, Silver Gull, Caspian Tern, Great Crested Tern, Whiskered Tern, Common Bronzewing, Brush Bronzewing, Major Mitchell's Cockatoo, Cockatiel, Purple-crowned Lorikeet, Regent Parrot, Australian Ringneck, Mulga Parrot, Budgerigar, Rock Parrot, Pallid Cuckoo, Fan-tailed Cuckoo, Black-eared Cuckoo, Horsfield's Bronze Cuckoo, Shining Bronze Cuckoo, Southern Boobook Owl, Tawny Frogmouth, Spotted Nightjar, Australian Owlet-Nightjar, Fork-tailed Swift, Red-backed Kingfisher, Sacred Kingfisher, Rainbow Bee-eater, Blue-breasted Fairywren, Spotted Pardalote, Striated Pardalote, White-browed Scrubwren, Shy Heathwren, Weebill, Inland Thornbill, Yellow-rumped Thornbill, Southern Whiteface, Red Wattlebird, Spiny-cheeked Honeyeater, Yellow-throated Miner, Singing Honeyeater, White-eared Honeyeater, Purple-gaped Honeyeater, Yellow-plumed Honeyeater, Brown-headed Honeyeater, Brown Honeyeater, New Holland Honeyeater, White-cheeked Honeyeater, Crimson Chat, White-fronted Chat, Jacky Winter, Red-capped Robin, Hooded Robin, Western Yellow Robin, Southern Scrub Robin, White-browed Babbler, Chestnut Quail-thrush, Varied Sittella, Crested Bellbird, Golden Whistler, Rufous Whistler, Grey Shrike-thrush, Magpie Lark, Grey Fantail, Willie Wagtail, Black-faced Cuckoo-shrike, Ground Cuckoo-shrike, White-winged Triller, Masked Woodswallow, White-browed Woodswallow, Dusky Woodswallow, Grey Butcherbird, Pied Butcherbird, Australian Magpie, Grey Currawong, Australian Raven, Little Crow, Richard's Pipit, Mistletoebird, Welcome Swallow, Tree Martin, Fairy Martin, Rufous Songlark, Brown Songlark, Silvereye
 Other Wildlife
Seals are often seen on the beach and whales offshore during their annual migration. Snakes include Pythons and Dugites and Death Adders come in to the bird baths. Kangaroos are reasonably common. Scorpions are common.
 Site Information
 History and Use
In 1841, the explorer, Edward John Eyre, his friend John Baxter and three Aborigines set off to cross the southern part of Australia. One of the major obstacles they faced was lack of water as there were no rivers or streams en-route. They reached a point on the coast south of what is now Cocklebiddy Roadhouse where they dug into the sand dunes and found water. This became known as Eyre's Sand patch. They stayed there for about one month then set off west again. Two days later Baxter was murdered by two of the Aborigines. Eyre and the other Aborigine continued and became the first people to make the east to west crossing. Because of the available water supply, Eyre's Sand Patch was chosen as the site of a repeater station for the Overland Telegraph Line linking Western Australia to the rest of the world. The station was opened in 1877 but it took another 20 years for the old weatherboard building to be replaced by a more substantial limestone building. The Telegraph Station operated for 50 years until the overland line was moved along the Trans Australian Railway and the building was abandoned until 1976. In that year, The Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union (now Birds Australia) and the Post Office Historical Society got together and decided to restore the building and open it as a Bird Observatory. Funds were raised and work commenced in 1977 and a full time warden took up residence in 1978. The building is still threatened by large, constantly moving sand dunes and regular work parties plant seed and spread seaweed to slow this down.
 Areas of Interest
 Access and Facilities
EBO is located in the Nuytsland Nature Reserve and is approximately 1200km from Perth, Western Australia's capital city. Unfortunately the bus service between Perth and Adelaide was withdrawn some years ago so visitors must have their own transport. Travel approx 15km east from Cocklebiddy Roadhouse, turn right on to wide gravel road-signposted Eyre. Continue until you reach the Microwave tower. Bear right and follow the narrow rocky track to the parking area beside the lookout sign. Non 4wd vehicles should park here. The last 10km is a narrow sand track suitable for four wheel drive vehicles only(Reduce your tyre pressures) The observatory has full time caretakers and can accommodate up to eight guests - advance booking is recommended. At present (2011) the cost of full board is approximately A$90. For visitors without 4WD vehicles, the caretakers will pick up from the car park at the top of the escarpment. Regular bush bird surveys are done and being only 1km from the Southern Ocean twice weekly beach counts are carried out and guests are encouraged to take part in all activities.
 Contact Details
Eyre Bird Observatory
 External Links