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Alternative Names: Fiordland Crested Penguin; New Zealand Crested Penguin; Victoria Penguin
New Zealand and offshore islands. Breeds on the west coast of Stewart Island, Codfish and the Solander Islands, and around the south of South Island from Okarito southwards in the west and Otago southwards in the east. Has attempted to breed further north in Cook Strait.
Breeds in coastal forest, otherwise at sea. Present at colonies July-early March but seldom seen above ground during the day.
Solitary or loosely colonial breeder in caves and holes among tree-roots. Eggs: two, greenish-white, laid in July, second (71 x 55mm) usually larger than first (67 x 52mm). Incubated for about 42 days by both sexes. Young fed by both sexes and remain in nest hole for up to 7 months. Attains adult plumage at 12 months.
Crustaceans, small fish and squid.
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