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Golden Bowerbird

From Opus

Alternative names: Newton's Bowerbird; Queensland Gardener

MalePhoto by Mike BouetteMount Lewis, Queensland, January, 2015
Male
Photo by Mike Bouette
Mount Lewis, Queensland, January, 2015
Prionodura newtoniana

Amblyornis newtoniana

Contents

[edit] Identification

25cm. The smallest Bowerbird.

[edit] Male

  • Olive-green head, chin and upperparts
  • Deep yellow underparts, central crown and nape
  • Pale buff eye
  • Blackish-brown bill
  • Blue-grey legs with olive wash
Bower with malePhoto by Hans&Judy BesteMt.Lewis/Julatten/Nth. Queensland, Australia, 1979
Bower with male
Photo by Hans&Judy Beste
Mt.Lewis/Julatten/Nth. Queensland, Australia, 1979

[edit] Female

  • Slightly smaller but heavier and with a shorter tail
  • Brownish olive above
  • Glaucous below
  • Darker eye and bill than male

Immatures are similar to females.

[edit] Distribution

Endemic to Queensland, Australia (Thornton Range and Mount Windsor Tableland south to Seaview-Paluma Range).
Fairly common in its small range.

[edit] Taxonomy

Some authorities place this species in the genus Amblyornis.[1]

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Upland rainforest, mainly at 700 - 990m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds mostly on fruits but takes also flowers, buds and arthropods.
Does usually feed alone, though will come to fruiting trees often containing numbers of other Bowerbirds and other fruit-eating species.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding season from September to February. A polygynous species. The male builds and attends a bower to attract females. They build a nest alone and also breed alone.
The male builds and decorates a large simple maypole bower. The bower consists of a singe or a twin tower made of sticks up to 3m tall and build around a sapling, vines or trees. It's decorated with mainly grey-green lichen and creamy-white fruit. The male then performs a complex display to attract females.
The female builds a deep, bulky cup with dead leaves, about 5m above the ground and around 100m away from the bower. Lays 1 - 3 eggs.

[edit] Movements

A resident species. Females and immatures may move to lower altitudes in winter.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

[edit] External Links

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