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Great Sapphirewing

From Opus

Male Photo by Michael WYanacocha Reserve, north-western Ecuador, August 2007
Photo by Michael W
Yanacocha Reserve, north-western Ecuador, August 2007
Pterophanes cyanopterus


[edit] Identification

A very large (15-20 cm., 6-8 in.) hummingbird. Long (30mm) bill with slight upturn.
Male is irridescent green above; blue-green below. Wings blue to purple. Small white post-ocular spot.
Female has browner crown, less intense coloration in general, and rufous breast with speckled green flanks.

[edit] Similar Species

This is the largest hummingbird in its habitat (the Giant Hummingbird does not come to such humid areas). Shares slow wing beats with the Giant Hummingbird.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia between 2000 and 3600m in elevation.

FemalePhoto by COLOMBIA BirdingEastern Andes, Colombia, August 2009
Photo by COLOMBIA Birding
Eastern Andes, Colombia, August 2009

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Three subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • P.c. cyanopterus - E Andes of north-central Colombia
  • P.c. caeruleus - C Andes to extreme south-western Andes of Colombia
  • P.c. peruvianus - Andes of Ecuador, Peru and northern Bolivia

[edit] Habitat

Shrubby borders of high-altitude temperate forests areas.

[edit] Behaviour

Male in flightPhoto by NJLarsenYanacocha Reserve, north-western Ecuador, August 2015
Male in flight
Photo by NJLarsen
Yanacocha Reserve, north-western Ecuador, August 2015

[edit] Action

Fast, direct flight.

[edit] Diet

Feeds at flowers either from hover or perch. Is attracted to feeders.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from

[edit] External Links


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