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Great Sapphirewing

From Opus

Male Photo by Michael WYanacocha Reserve, north-western Ecuador, August 2007
Male
Photo by Michael W
Yanacocha Reserve, north-western Ecuador, August 2007
Pterophanes cyanopterus

Contents

[edit] Identification

A very large (15-20 cm., 6-8 in.) hummingbird. Long (30mm) bill with slight upturn.
Male is irridescent green above; blue-green below. Wings blue to purple. Small white post-ocular spot.
Female has browner crown, less intense coloration in general, and rufous breast with speckled green flanks.

[edit] Similar Species

This is the largest hummingbird in its habitat (the Giant Hummingbird does not come to such humid areas). Shares slow wing beats with the Giant Hummingbird.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia between 2000 and 3600m in elevation.

FemalePhoto by COLOMBIA BirdingEastern Andes, Colombia, August 2009
Female
Photo by COLOMBIA Birding
Eastern Andes, Colombia, August 2009

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Three subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • P.c. cyanopterus - E Andes of north-central Colombia
  • P.c. caeruleus - C Andes to extreme south-western Andes of Colombia
  • P.c. peruvianus - Andes of Ecuador, Peru and northern Bolivia

[edit] Habitat

Shrubby borders of high-altitude temperate forests areas.

[edit] Behaviour

Male in flightPhoto by NJLarsenYanacocha Reserve, north-western Ecuador, August 2015
Male in flight
Photo by NJLarsen
Yanacocha Reserve, north-western Ecuador, August 2015

[edit] Action

Fast, direct flight.

[edit] Diet

Feeds at flowers either from hover or perch. Is attracted to feeders.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

[edit] External Links

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