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Lesser Spotted Eagle
55-65 cm in length and has a wingspan of 145-170 cm.
Adult overall plumage dark brown with paler head. The beak can seem small with round nostrils. The upper-wing coverts are also pale and there can sometimes be a small white primary patch. Under wing coverts are normally paler than the flight feathers. The tail is rounded and in flight, it's length is generally approximately 2/3 of the wing width.
Juvenile wing coverts usually darker than adult bird, with white tips to the greater coverts (upper and lower wing) and median coverts on the upper wing only. Trailing edge of both tail and wings also tipped with white. A pale rufous area on the nape.
 Similar Species
Larger Greater Spotted Eagle
Breeds in eastern Europe in north-east Germany, north and east Poland, the Baltic States and Belarus, Russia and the Ukraine to about 350E. More isolated populations persist in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia and northern Yugoslavia and south-east Romania. Also breeds in small numbers in scattered parts of Albania, Bulgaria and Greece, Turkey and the Caucasus. Has bred in Algeria. Also breeds in India from the Himalayas southwards.
Most Eurasian birds winter in eastern and southern Africa from Tanzania south to Natal. The species can be seen on migration across South-East Europe, Turkey and the Middle East. The most important site for migrants is the Bosphorus where many thousands pass through from mid-August to mid-October and return late March-late April. Smaller numbers are regular at Borcka and Sicily-Cap Bon.
Indian birds are resident.
Forest with clearings, lakes or swamps, sometimes drier woodland. Often hunts over grassland when not breeding.
Quick wing beats. Soars on flat wings, but arched when gliding
It lays 1-3 eggs in a tree nest.
Diet includes small mammals and similar terrestrial prey.
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