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Lesser Yellowlegs

From Opus

Photo by bcurrieNear Corinne, Utah, July 2003
Photo by bcurrie
Near Corinne, Utah, July 2003
Tringa flavipes

Contents

[edit] Identification

23-25 cm (9-9¾ in) length, 59-64 cm wingspan, 48-114 g weight.

  • Bright long yellow legs in all plumages

Adults

  • Upperparts grey-brown with white spotting
  • Long, thin dark bill, which is virtually straight
  • Underparts white
  • Neck and breast have dark brown streaks
  • The tail is white with darker barring
  • Square white rump
  • Very short supercillium

[edit] Similar Species

Photo by bobsofpaNon-breedingLoxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Florida, USA, April 2008
Photo by bobsofpa
Non-breeding
Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Florida, USA, April 2008

Larger Greater Yellowlegs; Common Redshank, which has red legs; Wood Sandpiper which may occasionally show yellowish (rather than green legs), but has a longer supercillium. Marsh Sandpiper is structurally similar, but has duller greenish-yellow legs, and a more extensive inverted-V shaped white rump extending up the back.

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in Alaska, Canada and the United States. Winters south to Tierra del Fuego and Galapagos.

Frequent vagrant to Europe, usually in the autumn; most records are from the British Isles.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Marshes, mudflats, shores, and pond edges. In summer, open boreal woods.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Flight

Trails feet in flight. Has a similar outline to Wood Sandpiper.

[edit] Breeding

They nest on the ground, usually in open dry locations.

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of insects, small fish and crustaceans which they gather from shallow water. They sometimes use their bill to agitate the water.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  3. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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