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Long-tailed Manakin

From Opus

Photo by Stanley JonesNosara Biological Reserve, Nosara, Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica, March 2012
Photo by Stanley Jones
Nosara Biological Reserve, Nosara, Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica, March 2012
Chiroxiphia linearis

Contents

[edit] Identification

MalePhoto by Steve GRincon de La Vieja, Costa Rica, July 2008
Male
Photo by Steve G
Rincon de La Vieja, Costa Rica, July 2008

11·5 cm (4½ in)

  • Orange legs and feet

Male

  • Short black frontal crest
  • Red crown
  • Black plumage
  • Azure blue back
  • Long central tail feathers

Female: olive green

[edit] Distribution

Central America: found in the Pacific lowlands from southern Mexico (Oaxaca) to north-western Costa Rica.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Subspecies fastuosa is no longer accepted by most authorities .

[edit] Habitat

They are to be found in both dry and humid forests with plenty of undergrowth; gallery woodland and the edges of mangrove swamps.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of fruit and insects, both of which are collected in flight sallies

[edit] Breeding

FemalePhoto by Stanley JonesNosara Biological Reserve, Nosara, Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica, March 2012
Female
Photo by Stanley Jones
Nosara Biological Reserve, Nosara, Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica, March 2012

The female builds the nest, incubates eggs, and raises the young on her own. The nest is a shallow cup made of fibres, mosses, grasses, and dry leaves. The clutch consists of 1-2 buffy eggs with heavy brown spotting.

[edit] Vocalisation

Two males duet with a "Toledo" call which helps the pair attract females. This call gives rise to their local name.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2017)

[edit] External Links


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