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Coppersmith Barbet

From Opus

Nominate subspecies Photo by Romy Ocon Mt. Samat, Bataan Province, Philippines, November 2005
Nominate subspecies
Photo by Romy Ocon
Mt. Samat, Bataan Province, Philippines, November 2005
Psilopogon haemacephalus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Smallest barbet at 15–17 cm (6-6¾ in)
The dark, stout bill is fringed with bristles or barbs, which give the barbets their name.

  • Brightly coloured head with red forehead and forecrown, black eyestripe and moustache and yellow above and below eye, separated from green nape by black band
  • Yellow chin and throat with red patch on lower throat and upper breast
  • Bright green upperparts
  • Greenish white underparts with diagnostic bold green streaks
  • Red legs and feet
  • roseus, homochroa, intermedius and cebuensis have red above and below eye instead of yellow and a red throat

Sexes similar, females have less bright red.

Subspecies indicus Photo by cottonbuds2005 Singapore, October 2010
Subspecies indicus
Photo by cottonbuds2005
Singapore, October 2010

[edit] Distribution

The most common and widespread of the barbets found in India, through south China and South-east Asia through Sumatra, Java, Bali and the Philippines.
Widespread and common in its range, has adapted to man-altered habitats easily. Has colonized many areas due to forest clearance and logging, eg. peninsular Malaysia in the 1930s, arriving in Singapore in 1957.

[edit] Taxonomy

Formerly placed in the genus Megalaima.

[edit] Subspecies

JuvenilePhoto by Avian SeekerSingapore, May 2014
Juvenile
Photo by Avian Seeker
Singapore, May 2014

9 subspecies recognized[1]:

  • M. h. indicus:
  • P. h. delicus:
  • P. h. roseus:
  • P. h. haemacephalus:
  • P. h. intermedius:
  • Philippines (Guimaras, Negros, Panay, Calagayan, Pan de Azucar)
  • P. h. celestinoi:
  • Philippines (Samar, Leyte, Biliran and Catanduanes)
  • P. h. mindanensis:
  • Mindanao (southern Philippines)
  • P. h. cebuensis:
  • Cebu (central Philippines)
  • P. h. homochroa:
  • Philippines (Masbate, Romblon and Tablas); possibly Palawan

[edit] Habitat

Mangroves edges, open country, wooded gardens even town parks and cities

[edit] Behaviour

Perches on bare branches or high tension wires, in groups, often up to six.

[edit] Diet

Photo by linesiam Bangkok, Thailand, January 2009
Photo by linesiam
Bangkok, Thailand, January 2009

Unlike its larger congeners it does not always frequent the canopy but will often feed low on small fruits in tree and brushs. Prefers Banyan, Peepul, and other wild figs, various drupes and berries, with the occasional insect, caught clumsily in flight.

[edit] Flight

Their flight action is straight with rapid wing beats.

[edit] Breeding

The breed from November to June, mainly from February to April.
The nest is in a hole, excavated in a decaying or dead tree or branch, about 40 cm deep. There are 2-4 white eggs, usually 3, laid on the bare wood. The length of incubation is not known. Both partners help with nest duties.

[edit] Vocalisation

Subspecies roseus Photo by mehdhalaouate Bogor, Java, October 2005
Subspecies roseus
Photo by mehdhalaouate
Bogor, Java, October 2005

Call is a loud, rather metallic tuk tuk tuk (or tunk), sounding rather like a copper sheet being beaten, which accounts for its name.
The call is repeated monotonously for long periods, beginning with a subdued tuk and then building up to an even tempo and volume, the former varying from 1.5 to 2 per second. The bill stays shut during each call and a patch of bare skin either side of the throat inflates and deflates with each tuk call. Body and tail shaking accompanies the calling.
The birds are not very vocal in cold weather, so they are silenced by a spell of rain or cold.

In India, this bird's call is one of the most familiar sounds in the hot season.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. BF Member observations

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