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Melanesian Kingfisher

From Opus


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Todiramphus tristrami

Contents

[edit] Identification

  • Green or bluish crown
  • Rufous spot in front of eye
  • Darkish eyestripe extending as small line to neck
  • Broad white neck collar
  • Blue-green upperparts, wings and tail
  • White to buff rufous underparts
  • Black bill with horn-coloured base of lower mandible

The subspecies differ in colour and in extend of crown.

[edit] Distribution

Islands off New Guinea, New Ireland, New Britain and Solomon Islands.

[edit] Taxonomy

This species belongs to the Collared Kingfisher complex and was formerly considered conspecific with Collared Kingfisher, Mariana Kingfisher, Colonist Kingfisher, Pacific Kingfisher and Torresian Kingfisher.

[edit] Subspecies

Seven subspecies recognized:

    • T. t. matthiae: St. Matthias Islands (Papua New Guinea)
    • T. t. stresemanni: Witu, Umboi and adjacent islands in Dampier Straits
    • T. t. nusae: New Ireland (except south-west), New Hanover and Feni Islands
    • T. t. novaehiberniae: New Ireland (Bismarck Archipelago)
    • T. t. bennetti: Nissan Island (eastern Papua New Guinea)
    • T. t. tristrami: New Britain (Bismarck Archipelago)
    • T. t. alberti: Buka, Bougainville and Solomon Islands (east to Guadalcanal)

[edit] Habitat

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.4). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2015)

[edit] External Links

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