Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Middle Spotted Woodpecker
Length 19â€“22 cm, weight 50â€“85 g
Male has brighter, glossier, and slightly more extensive red crown than female, but otherwise sexes identical in plumage. Juvenile as female.
 Similar Species
Juvenile Great Spotted Woodpecker; black moustachial stripes meet at bill and nape; this and Syrian Woodpecker are stouter with larger, stronger bills. White-backed Woodpecker distinctly larger, with more barred back.
Breeds from Brittany and central France east across Europe to about 42Â°E in Russia. In the north reaches the southern Baltic coast from Germany to Lithuania. To the south absent from the Alps and most of Italy but occurs throughout the Balkans south to southern Greece and Lesvos, in Turkey except the interior, and in the Caucasus. Isolated pockets in the Pyrenees and Cantabrians, perhaps northern Italy and parts of southern Italy. Formerly more widespread, but range has contracted in some areas, once breeding in southern Sweden and Denmark (last bred 1959); commonest in the southeast of Europe. Despite this has recently begun to breed in the Netherlands, Latvia and Lithuania.
Mainly resident but some wander in autumn and winter.
D. m. caucasicus has yellower underparts and less red on vent. D. m. anatoliae is similar but smaller.
Found mainly in warm, sunny deciduous forest and woodland, particularly oak and hornbeam, also in alder and beech.
Feeds more on smaller outer branches than Great Spotted Woodpecker.
The call is a series of 'kik' notes, with the first note slightly higher pitch than the rest. Almost never drums.
Mainly insects and other wood-dwelling invertebrates. Also eats some fruit, nuts, and sap.
Nest is excavated in rotten trunk or thick branch. Entrance hole around 4cm
 External Links