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Monk Parakeet

From Opus

Alternative name Quaker Parrot

Photo by BirdsPeruBuenos Aires, Argentina, September 2005
Photo by BirdsPeru
Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 2005
Myiopsitta monachus

Includes Cliff Parakeet

Contents

[edit] Identification

L. 29 cm
Ws. 48 cm
Weight 100g
Females tend to be 10-20% smaller.

  • Bright green upperparts
  • Pale grey forehead and breast
  • Light greenish-yellow underparts
  • Dark blue flight feathers
  • Long tapered tail
  • Orange bill
Photo by barrancoaltoFazenda Barranco Alto, Pantanal, Brazil, September 2004
Photo by barrancoalto
Fazenda Barranco Alto, Pantanal, Brazil, September 2004

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina.

Feral populations are located across the United States and in several places in Europe.

[edit] Taxonomy

It is the only member of the genus Myiopsitta. There are four subspecies[1]:

  • M. m. cotorra:
  • M. m. monachus:
  • South-eastern Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul), Uruguay and north-eastern Argentina
  • M. m. calita:
  • Western Argentina (Salta to western CĂłrdoba, Mendoza and La Pampa)
  • M. m. luchsi: sometimes split as Cliff Parakeet
  • Xeric intermontane valleys of central Bolivia
Communal NestPhoto by BirdsPeruBuenos Aires, Argentina, September 2005
Communal Nest
Photo by BirdsPeru
Buenos Aires, Argentina, September 2005

[edit] Habitat

Bushes and trees in city parks.

[edit] Behaviour

Gregarious.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes seeds and maize crops.

[edit] Breeding

It builds a stick nest, in a tree or on a man-made structure. It often breeds colonially, building a single large nest, each pair having its own entrance. The clutch consists of 5-12 eggs which is incubated for about 24 days. M. m. luchsi differs in building nest colonies around bromeliads situated on steep cliff sides, even when more typical nest sites are available locally.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view
  2. Birdloversonline
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Birdforum thread discussing the potential split of Cliff Parakeet

[edit] External Links


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