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Nile Valley Sunbird

From Opus

Male in breeding plumagePhoto by ammadouxJeddah, Saudi Arabia, May 2010
Male in breeding plumage
Photo by ammadoux
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, May 2010
Hedydipna metallica

Anthreptes metallicus


[edit] Identification

The male in breeding session is 15 cm long, 5 cm for the fork shape tail, and has a metallic dark green head with dark green and blue-violet back while the under part are yellow.
The female is less attractive with a yellow-brown upper parts and less vibrant yellow belly. Both have decurved bill known for nectar feeding birds.
Outside the breeding season (October to February) the male take the eclipsed morph as it losses its color and long tail and starts to resemble the female but with some black patches on the neck, which the females don’t have.

Male in eclipse plumagePhoto by IngoCrocodile Island, Luxor, Egypt
Male in eclipse plumage
Photo by Ingo
Crocodile Island, Luxor, Egypt

[edit] Distribution

North-eastern Africa and the southern and western parts of the Arabian Peninsula: Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Oman.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

This is one of the four Sunbirds that have recently been moved to the genus Hedydipna from the genus Anthreptes.

[edit] Habitat

A familiar bird in the gardens of Jeddah and Taif, Khmis mushayt and Abha western Saudi Arabia. In Dry acacia scrubs in wadies and plane of eastern cost of the red sea and at juniper woodlands at the high altitude (2500m) mountens of Asir and Yemen.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds on nectar and arthropods.

FemalePhoto by ammadouxJeddah, Saudi Arabia, June 2010
Photo by ammadoux
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, June 2010

[edit] Vocalisation

Starting from December both the male and female start to announce there presence with calls far from Twitter, but rather similar to little kittens calls. They keep on sending these calls which tend to get higher during the day as the sun gets higher in the sky, until the male complete its change to the breeding plumage, which is usually on the beginning of March, but this differs on each individual, some may reach this plumage earlier (two weeks)

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from

[edit] External Links


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