- Passerina ciris
5 1/2" (14 cm)
- Bright red underparts and rump
- Green back
- Blue head
- Red eye ring
- Bright green all over
- Paler below
- Pale eye ring
Western range includes eastern New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, southern Kansas, southern Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, western Mississippi, and northern Mexico.
Eastern range includes South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. Winters south to Panama and the Greater Antilles.
Accidental vagrant north and west of range.
Female photographed by marhowie
Kempner, Hill Country, Texas
, May 2009
This is a polytypic species, consisting of two subspecies:
Open areas with dense brush at all seasons.
Males will fight to hold territories; these fights are sometimes bloody and even fatal.
Diet includes seeds and insects, which they generally find on the ground or in a low brush.
They are territorial with males defending the territory by singing from a high perch, often hidden in the gallery.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
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