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Plain-brown Woodcreeper

From Opus

Photo by Cedric KPipeline Road, Panama, March 2005
Photo by Cedric K
Pipeline Road, Panama, March 2005
Dendrocincla fuliginosa

Contents

[edit] Identification

19–22·5 cm (7½-8¾ in); weight 25-50 g.
It is plain brown above and below. The bill is long and straight.

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America: found from Honduras through South America to Brazil, and in Trinidad and Tobago.

[edit] Taxonomy

Plain-winged Woodcreeper was formerly included in this species.

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies meruloidesPhoto by rkaMorne Bleu, Trinidad, February 2018
Subspecies meruloides
Photo by rka
Morne Bleu, Trinidad, February 2018

Several subspecies[1]:

  • D. f. ridgwayi
  • D. f. lafresnayei
    • North and eastern Colombia and adjacent north-western Venezuela
  • D. f. meruloides
  • D. f. barinensis
    • Llanos of northern Colombia and west-central Venezuela
  • D. f. deltana
    • North-east Venezuela in Orinoco River delta
  • D. f. phaeochroa
    • Amazonian eastern Colombia to eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru and north-western Brazil
  • D. f. neglecta
    • West Amazonia from eastern Ecuador and eastern Peru to western Brazil
  • D. f. fuliginosa
    • South-east Venezuela to the Guianas and adjacent northern Brazil
  • D. f. atrirostris
    • South-east Peru to northern and eastern Bolivia and south-western Brazil (Mato Grosso)
  • D. f. rufoolivacea
    • East Amazonian Brazil (Rio Tapajós to northern Maranhão)
  • D. f. trumaii
    • Locally in southern Amazonian Brazil (upper Rio Xingu)

[edit] Habitat

Lower and middle levels of forest and woodland from the coast into the foothills.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The clutch consists of 2-3 white eggs. The nest is lined with leaves and placed in palm tree stumps.

[edit] Diet

It feeds on ants and other insects in trees, rarely on the ground. It follows army ant swarms in order to catch prey flushed by the ants. It will make sallies to catch insects in flight or snatch them from leaves.

[edit] Vocalisation

The song is a descending te-te-te-tu-tu-tu-tue-tue-tue-chu-chu-chu.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Birdforum thread discussing the taxonomy of this and related species
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved March 2017)

[edit] External Links

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