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Plain Prinia

From Opus

Subspecies P. i. extensicaudaPhoto by alibennLijiang, Yunnan, China, November 2005
Subspecies P. i. extensicauda
Photo by alibenn
Lijiang, Yunnan, China, November 2005
Prinia inornata

Contents

[edit] Identification

11 cm (4½ in)
Breeding

Subspecies P. i. terricolorPhoto by Alok TewariDist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, November-2010
Subspecies P. i. terricolor
Photo by Alok Tewari
Dist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, November-2010
  • Greyish-brown upperparts
  • White supercilium
  • Reddish fringes on closed wing
  • Whitish underparts
  • Short rounded wings
  • Long tail
  • Short black bill

Non-breeding

  • Warmish brown upperparts
  • Buff underparts
  • Tail is longer than in summer

[edit] Silmilar Species:

Jungle Prinia (Prinia sylvatica): Differentiated by larger size; longer and stouter bill; longer tail; diffused and shorter supercilium and call.

[edit] Distribution

Asia: found in China, Tibet, Nepal
South Asia: Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Taiwan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Java, Lesser Sundas, Bali

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 10 subspecies[1]:

  • P. i. terricolor: Eastern Baluchistan to Pakistan and north-western India
  • P. i. inornata: Central and peninsular India (south to southern Madras)
  • P. i. franklinii: Southern India (south-western Mysore, Kerala and hills of western and southern Madras)
  • P. i. insularis: Sri Lanka
  • P. i. fusca: Nepal to Sikkim, Bhutan, Assam and Bangladesh
  • P. i. extensicauda: Southern China to northern Laos, northern Vietnam and Hainan
  • P. i. blanfordi: Myanmar and northern Thailand
  • P. i. herberti: Southern Myanmar and southern Thailand to southern Laos, Cambodia and southern Vietnam
  • P. i. flavirostris: Taiwan
  • P. i. blythi: Java

[edit] Habitat

Shrubby grassland, mudflats, all types of damp grassland, agricultural crops, open woodland and second growth. They are also seen in gardens.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of insects, including grasshoppers.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is placed in a shrub or tall grass; the clutch consists of 3-6 eggs.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song: a repetitive tlee-tlee-tlee.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana India, February-2017
Call by one individual just after daybreak, early spring season. Occasional brief calls by house sparrow and sound of an airplane passing overhead in the latter part of the recording.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2015)
  4. Wikipedia
  5. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


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