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Alternative names: Common Chough; Cornish Chough
38 - 41cm (15-16 in). A medium-sized corvid.
Sexes similar. Juveniles have duller plumage and dull orange bill.
 Similar species
Can be confused with Yellow-billed Chough if bill is not seen. The broad wings with the distinctive fingers are typical for Red-billed Chough.
There is also an isolated population in the Ethiopian highlands.
Hybrids with Yellow-billed Chough have been reported.
Eight subspecies accepted:
Coastal cliffs and high mountain pastures. Up to 6000m in the Himalayas and reported at 7950m near Mount Everest.
Diet consists almost entirely of insects and terrestrial molluscs, including craneflies and beetles
They build their nests in crevices of caves or cliffs. The nests are constructed from roots and stems of plants such as heather or furze, and are lined with hair or wool. The clutch consists of 3-6 eggs which are laid in April-May in western Europe.
A resident species with some altitudinal movements.
It has a loud, ringing call chee-ow.
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