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Red-vented Bulbul

From Opus

Ssp. caferPhoto by kctsangSri Lanka, July 2010
Ssp. cafer
Photo by kctsang
Sri Lanka, July 2010
Pycnonotus cafer

Contents

[edit] Identification

19–20 cm (7½-8 in)

  • Brownish-black upperparts
  • White rump
  • Brownish-black breast
  • White underparts
  • Red around the vent
  • Black head and small bushy crest
  • Long white-tipped tail

Sexes similar; young birds are duller

Ssp. humayuniPhoto by Rajiv LatherKarnal, India, June 2006
Ssp. humayuni
Photo by Rajiv Lather
Karnal, India, June 2006

[edit] Distribution

Asia: found in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and south-western China.

They have been introduced to many areas including Fiji and Hawaii. They are also commonly seen in urban parts of Dubai, the United Arab Emirates.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Ssp. intermediusPhoto by Alok TewariDwarahat, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 5200 ft, India, April-2017
Ssp. intermedius
Photo by Alok Tewari
Dwarahat, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 5200 ft, India, April-2017

There are 9 subspecies[1]:

  • P. c. intermedius: Himalayas (western Pakistan to western Uttar Pradesh)
  • P. c. humayuni: Pakistan (Salt Range) and north-western India
  • P. c. bengalensis: Eastern Himalayas (eastern Uttar Pradesh) to north-eastern India, Nepal and Bhutan
  • P. c. wetmorei: North-eastern peninsula India
  • P. c. primrosei: Southern Assam (south of the Brahmaputra), Bangladesh and West Bengal
  • P. c. pusillus South India (Bombay, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra to Kerala)
  • P. c. cafer: Sri Lanka
  • P. c. stanfordi: Northern Burma to extreme south-western China (western Yunnan)
  • P. c. melanchimus: South-central Burma (Mandalay to Rangoon)

[edit] Habitat

Scrub, open dry deciduous woodland, plains and cultivated land, orchards and gardens.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They builds their nest in a bush; the clutch consists of 2-3 eggs.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes fruit, buds, nectar, insects and invertebrates.

[edit] Vocalisation

A very noisy species


Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Janakpuri, Delhi, India, Sep.-2016
Call recorded in an urban garden, 7.15 am.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. PBase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2015)

[edit] External Links


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