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Rufous Treecreeper

From Opus

Alternative name: Allied Rufous Treecreeper

Climacteris rufus

Contents

[edit] Identification

16.5 - 18cm.

  • Rich cinnamon-rufous supercilium, cheek, ear-coverts, chin and throat
  • Thin dark grey-brown eyestripe
  • Light brownish-grey forehead, crown, hindneck and neck side, merging into darker olive-brown on mantle, back and upperwing-coverts
  • Rufous suffusion on rump and uppertail-coverts
  • Olive-brown tail with broad blackish subterminal band
  • Dull black flight-feathers with broad pale rufous-buff diagonal band across base
  • Cinnamon-rufous underparts with grey wash across breast and indistinct streaking

Female similar with reddish-chestnut (not black) edged streaks on upper breast.

[edit] Distribution

From southwestern Western Australia inland through Great Victoria Desert to northern Eyre Peninsula, South Australia.
Locally fairly common to common.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.
Forms a superspecies with Brown Treecreeper and Black-tailed Treecreeper.

[edit] Habitat

Eucalypt forest. Jarrah fores and Malle in the southwest of Western Australia and north of the Nullarbor Plain into the Eyre Peninsula of South Australia.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds on insects, mainly ants. Takes occasionally skinks, seeds and nectar.
Forages on tree trunks and branches and among litter and logs on the ground.

[edit] Breeding

Breeding season late August to early January, often two broods per season.
Breeds co-operatively with up to six helpers. The nest is a cup-shaped structure built with bark strips, dry grass and lined with feathers, fur, wool and sometimes rabbit or kangaroo dung. It's placed in a hollow branch, trunk or stump. Lays 1 to 3 eggs.

[edit] Movements

A sedentary species.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422

[edit] External Links

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