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Adult males are red or orange in colour, and females green or yellow, but there is much variation. Their bills are characterised by the mandibles crossing at their tips.
The Caledonian Forests of Scotland.
It nests in pines or other conifers, laying 2-5 eggs.
The unusual bill shape is an adaptation to assist the extraction of the seeds from the cone. It is a specialist feeder on the cones of pines (Scots pine and Lodgepole pine) and larch.
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