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Shikra

From Opus


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Alternative name: Little Banded Goshawk

Photo by RakeshHebbal, Bangalore, December 2005
Photo by Rakesh
Hebbal, Bangalore, December 2005
Accipiter badius

Contents

[edit] Identification

26–30 cm long
Short broad wings and a long tail

[edit] Distribution

Sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia.

In Africa breeds from Senegal, Gambia and southern Mauritania east to Ethiopia and western Somalia and south to South Africa. Absent from the closed forests of Central Africa and the most arid areas of the south-west. Resident.

In Asia breeds from Iran and Pakistan south to southern India and Sri Lanka and north to Kazakhstan and the far west of China. Range extends eastwards to southern China and Hainan and south to southern Thailand. Northern populations are migratory, wintering from Iran to India and South-East Asia. Vagrants recorded in Malaya and Sumatra.

Status in the Western Palearctic is difficult to determine but known to have bred once in southern Azerbaijan in 1933 but not confirmed since. May be present regularly in south-east Transcaucasia and has been recorded as a vagrant in Israel and a bird thought to be a hybrid Shikra x Levant Sparrowhawk has also been recorded there.

Subspecies polyzonoidesPhoto by RiquiMapungubwe NP South Africa, July 2009
Subspecies polyzonoides
Photo by Riqui
Mapungubwe NP South Africa, July 2009

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Six races recognised with two in Africa[1]: sphenurus from Gambia to northern Tanzania and polyzonoides from southern Tanzania to the Cape.

In Asia cenchroides occurs from Transcaucasia to Central Asia, dussumieri in northern India and the Himalayas, badius in southern India and Sri Lanka and poliopsis from north-east India to China and South-East Asia.

JuvenilePhoto by tombacHua Hin, Thailand, August 2011
Juvenile
Photo by tombac
Hua Hin, Thailand, August 2011

[edit] Habitat

Forest, woodlands and wooded steppes, cultivated areas and often close to human habitation.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Flight

The normal flight of this species is a characteristic "flap –flap– glide".

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


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