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Spotted Pardalote

From Opus

MalePhoto by peterdayWarren CP, Adelaide, Australia, October 2010
Male
Photo by peterday
Warren CP, Adelaide, Australia, October 2010
Pardalotus punctatus

Contents

[edit] Identification

FemalePhoto by MzunguGirraween National Park, Queensland, Australia, September 2016
Female
Photo by Mzungu
Girraween National Park, Queensland, Australia, September 2016

8·5–10·5 cm (3¼-4 in)

  • Head, wings, and tail black with white spots
  • Pale eyebrow

Bright yellow undertail and throat

  • Chestnut-red rump Female has yellow spots on the head and a pale throat

Female has yellow spots on the head and a pale throat.

[edit] Distribution

Australia.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • P. p. millitaris:
North East Queensland (Atherton Tablelands to about Townsville)
  • P. p. punctatus:
South East Queensland to South Australia, Tasmania; south-western South Australia
  • P. p. xanthopyge:

[edit] Habitat

Graphic by Nrg800
Graphic by Nrg800

Eucalypt forests and woodlands but occurs in parks and gardens.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

They spend most of their time feeding in the canopy; their main prey items are lerps and some psyllid insects; they also eat a lot of sugary plant exudates. They may also forage close to the ground where they can be viewed easily.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is an enlarged, lined chamber at the end of narrow tunnel, excavated in an earth bank. Sometimes they nest in tree hollows and occasionally in artificial structures. Both parents share nest-building, incubation of the eggs and feeding of the young when they hatch.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2017)
  3. Birdata.com.au for Raw Map Data

[edit] External Links


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