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 Similar species
Breeds from the northern slopes of the Caucasus to the north of the Caspian Sea in southern Russia and Kazakhstan and east into Central Asia as far as north-west China and Tibet. Probably now extinct in the Ukraine and a former breeder in Moldova, Romania and Turkey. Further south breeds in Pakistan, India and Burma.
In the northern winter found mainly in Eastern and Southern Africa, small numbers in Iraq and Israel, occasionally Greece and Turkey. On passage occurs in Turkey and the Middle East, Sinai and Egypt but generally rather scarce. Eastern birds winter south to Pakistan, India and southern China.
Considered conspecific with Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax by some authors. The subspecies vindhiana of the latter is sometimes included in this species.
Lowland steppe, semi-desert and foothills
The diet consists mostly of carrior, but will kill rodents, small mammals and birds. The diet includes fresh carrion of all kinds, also rodents and other small mammals up to the size of a rabbit, and birds up to the size of partridges. It will also snatch food from other raptors.
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