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Eurasian Thick-knee

From Opus

(Redirected from Stone-curlew)

Alternative name: Eurasian Stone-curlew

Photo by postcardcvWeeting NWT, Norfolk, England, July 2007
Photo by postcardcv
Weeting NWT, Norfolk, England, July 2007
Burhinus oedicnemus

Contents

[edit] Identification

38-45cm

  • Plumage sandy-brown, streaked darker
  • Black and white markings on the wings
  • Black-tipped yellow bill
  • Large yellow iris
  • Prominent joints in long yellow or green legs
Photo by Assen IgnatovApril 2008
Photo by Assen Ignatov
April 2008

[edit] Distribution

Western Palearctic, tropical north Africa and Asia.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • B. o. distinctus:
  • B. o. insularum:
  • B. o. saharae:
  • B. o. oedicnemus:
  • B. o. harterti:

Indian Thick-knee was formerly considered a subspecies of this species.

[edit] Habitat

Breeds on dry sparsely vegetated open ground. On migration may be seen on sea coasts.

[edit] Behaviour

Mostly nocturnal. Outside the breeding season they can gather in large flocks.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects, small invertebrates and lizards.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is a bare ground scrape. Two, maybe 3 eggs are laid. They are heavily blotched and streaked with brownish markings on a buff background.

[edit] Vocalisation

Call: a Eurasian Curlew-like coo-lee


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[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Wikipedia
  3. Collins Pocket Guide to British Birds 1966
  4. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  5. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  6. The Observer's Book of Birds' Eggs 0723200602

[edit] External Links


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