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Striated Swallow

From Opus

Photo by robby thaiTat Mok NP, Thailand, November 2016
Photo by robby thai
Tat Mok NP, Thailand, November 2016
Cecropis striolata

Hirundo striolata

Contents

[edit] Identification

19 cm (7½ in)

  • Deeply forked tail
  • Blue upperparts
  • Reddish collar (sometimes absent)
  • Streaked chestnut rump
  • White face and underparts with heavy dark streaking
  • Brown wings
Photo by Romy OconBalete (Dalton) Pass, Nueva Vizcaya province, Philippines, May 2006
Photo by Romy Ocon
Balete (Dalton) Pass, Nueva Vizcaya province, Philippines, May 2006

The sexes are alike
Juveniles are duller and browner, with a paler rump and shorter outer tail feathers.

[edit] Distribution

Asia: found froim north-eastern India, Taiwan south to Timor.

[edit] Taxonomy

Previously included in genus Hirundo.

[edit] Subspecies

There are four races[1]:

  • C. s mayri: the streaks are broader than on the nominate
  • C. s stanfordi: they have broad streaks
  • North East Myanmar to south-western China (southern Yunnan), northern Thailand and northern Laos
  • C. s vernayi: more rufous underparts than nominate, rump has only faint streaks
  • Thailand/Tenasserim border and western Thailand
  • C. s striolata:

The former subspecies badia from the Malay Peninsula was split as Rufous-bellied Swallow.

[edit] Habitat

Forage in open areas, often near water and towns and particularly in hills or gorges associated with water.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Action

Flight is slow, buoyant, and more direct than Barn Swallow, often very high above ground.

[edit] Breeding

Bottle-shaped mud nests are built under eaves of houses, under bridges, and on the walls and roofs of caves. Breeding recorded in May and June.

The nest is made from mud and includes a long tunnel. The clutch consists of 4-5 white eggs; both adults build the nest, incubate the eggs and care for the young.

[edit] Diet

The diet consists of flying insects, cicadas and mosquitoes.

They feel alone or in small groups.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2016)
  3. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links

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