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Subalpine Warbler

From Opus

Photo by scottishdudePhoto taken: Lesvos
Photo by scottishdude
Photo taken: Lesvos

Includes Moltoni's Warbler

Sylvia cantillans

Contents

[edit] Identification

12cm
Adult male

  • Grey back and head
  • Brick-red underparts
  • White malar streaks

Female has mainly brown upperparts with a greyer head. Whitish below with a pink flush.
Variation: males of the three subspecies may or may not be identifiable in spring[7].

Immature, subspecies Moltoni Photo by picusPavia, Italy, October 2006
Immature, subspecies Moltoni
Photo by picus
Pavia, Italy, October 2006

[edit] Distribution

Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia
Europe: Scandinavia, Norway, Finland, Denmark, The Netherlands, France, Portugal, Spain, Ibiza, Mallorca, Canary Islands, Gran Canaria, Gibraltar, Andorra, Switzerland, Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, Slovenia, Croatia, Yugoslavia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, Macedonia, Greece, Crete, Corfu, Lesvos, Rhodes, Malta, Bulgaria, Romania, Moldova
Northern Africa: Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Libya, Egypt
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Mali, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti
Middle East: Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
Asia: Russia

Vagrants regularly arrive in the British Isles, particularly in the Spring.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • S. c. cantillans: Western Subalpine Warbler
  • S. c. moltonii: Moltoni's (Subalpine) Warbler
  • S. c. inornata:
  • S. c. albistriata: Eastern Subalpine Warbler
  • Balkan Peninsula to western Turkey; winters Sahara oases and Arabia

Moltoni's Warbler has been proposed for status as a full species[2].

[edit] Habitat

Breeds in a variety of habitats, from open woodland to bushes and sandy heaths.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The nest is built in thick bushes. Three to five eggs are laid.

[edit] Diet

Mainly insects, but will eat berries on occasion.

[edit] Vocalisation

Call: similar to Lesser Whitethroat's tett
Song: Clear and slow chattering and bouncy phrases, reminiscent of Eurasian Linnet. Delivered in 'song flight' or from a bush.


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[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Birdforum thread discussing the status of Moltoni's Warbler
  3. Avibase
  4. Wikipedia
  5. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  6. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6
  7. Birdforum thread discussing subspecies identification

[edit] External Links


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