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Tennessee Warbler

From Opus

Photo by k-birdClermont, Kentucky, USA
Photo by k-bird
Clermont, Kentucky, USA
Oreothlypis peregrina

Vermivora peregrina

Contents

[edit] Identification

12 cm (4¾ in)

  • Brown upperparts
  • Grey crown and nape
  • White supercilium
  • Black eye stripe
  • Green back
  • White underparts
  • Undertail is either dark or with small, not strongly contrasting pale spot[3]

Females are duller, with a less contrasted head and yellow-tinged under-parts.

FemalePhoto by bobsofpaValley Land Fund Sanctuary, South Padre Island, Texas, USA, April 2016
Female
Photo by bobsofpa
Valley Land Fund Sanctuary, South Padre Island, Texas, USA, April 2016

[edit] Distribution

North Central and South America: found from South East Alaska and southern Yukon to northern US; winters southern Mexico to north-western South America.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

It was formerly included in Vermivora, Gill and Donsker place it in Leiothlypis.

[edit] Habitat

Breeding habitat is coniferous or mixed woodlands, bogs and swamps, especially spruce forest edges. In migration can be found in almost any woodlands, orchards, and town parks.

[edit] Behaviour

JuvenilePhoto by DeerbirdKentucky, USA, September 2017
Juvenile
Photo by Deerbird
Kentucky, USA, September 2017

[edit] Diet

Their main summer diet consists of insects, though in the winter they take berries, fruit and nectar in addition to any insects that can be found.

[edit] Breeding

They nest on the ground. The clutch consists of 4-7 eggs which are laid in a cup nest. They rarely have a second brood, though may lay a replacement clutch up until August.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2016)
  3. Birdforum post showing undertails of this species and Bay-breasted Warbler

[edit] External Links

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