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Orange-yellow iris, yellow eye-ring, legs and feet, long and slender and slightly up-turned bill, greyish above and white below, with varied streaking, pale upper tail coverts with dark-barring underneath, dark tail with a white tip, dark upper wings; southern and eastern birds - the underwings have an orange-rufous band, while in the north the band is white. Males have longer bills than females.
Widely distributed in Australia.
Five subspecies accepted which are sometimes recognized as full species:
Papuan Sittella was formerly considered conspecific with this species.
Eucalypt woodlands and forests.
The diet includes insects; they feed by gleaning on tree trunks or branches, moving downwards or along branches.
The nest is a deep open cup, made of bark and spider web, decorated on the outside with long pieces of bark. They breed cooperatively, the breeding pair having several helpers. Only the breeding female incubates the eggs and broods the young.
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